Security Camera Compliance with the 2019 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) & Hikvision / Dahua Sanctions

On Aug 1, 2018, the US government passed a resolution, effective Aug 1, 2019, to prevent the federal government, and anyone else who is involved with national security, from making purchases of telecommunications and surveillance cameras originally manufactured in 5 specific factories in China. The ban affects some or all Honeywell, Hikvision, Dahua, Lorex, Swann, LTS, Annke, Alibi, Laview, WBox, Interlogix, Flir, Bosch, ICRealtime, QSee, Panasonic, ADT, Indigo Vision, Montavue and many more security products.

What companies are banned by the NDAA?

The ban was part of the 2019 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) and specifically bans security cameras by Hikvision, Dahua and their OEMs. NDAA also requires all federal government and "critical infrastructure" to remove any product that originated in a Hikvision or Dahua factory before Aug 1, 2019. The NDAA also bans ZTE, Huawei, and Hytera telecommunication equipment, but not surveillance equipment, for use both in the federal government and for use in 5G cellular infrastructure.

Hikvision and Dahua and their OEMs are Sanctioned

On Oct 7th 2019, the US government also placed sanctions on Hikvision and Dahua for human rights abuses. Again, some or all Honeywell, Hikvision, Dahua, Lorex, Swann, LTS, Annke, Alibi, Laview, WBox, Interlogix, Flir, Bosch, ICRealtime, QSee, Panasonic, ADT, Indigo Vision, Montavue, and many more security products are included.

What these sanctions do

These sanctions prevent these companies from using US technology or standards in future software or firmware releases and from using US patents in future hardware models. This means that they are going to face a situation where they either don't update firmware for cyber security concerns or lose ONVIF compliance or features when their firmware is updated. For these reasons, we recommend staying away from these brands.

Who is affected by the ban?

The NDAA ban affects federal projects, only. The sanctions affect everyone. Vermont has also banned these products for state government purchases. Many other states have discussed also following with bans for state level purchasing. Some local governments have passed laws requiring that they followed the same rules and regulations as the NDAA, however SCW has no way of monitoring those local laws.

Why were Hikvision and Dahua banned for federal government use?

The NDAA, itself, did not provide an explanation for the ban.

Congressional testimony, of those who voted for the ban, centered around these ideas:


1. believing that the Chinese government could use these manufacturers in mass espionage

2. a lack of cybersecurity safeguards (This has been a major problem in our industry, especially after the 2017-2018 major hacks of Dahua (Lorex) cameras, please see our Best Practices to prevent IOT Security Camera Hacks for a list of what happened and advice on how to harden your security camera system's cybersecurity)

3. concerns about the contracts awarded to these two companies in relation to the humanitarian crisis and mass imprisonment of the Uyghur people (Hikvision and Dahua received large military contracts for monitoring the Uyghur people).

4. the belief that this would bring manufacturing back to the US.

What's the result of the federal use ban?

The firms banned were the major manufacturers of most security cameras. The ban is currently upending the security industry with a large number of providers selling these systems at or below cost because of oversupply of product that is now banned for federal uses and facing human rights sanctions. There is also some fear in the industry that Magnitsky Act sanctions could be used to seize product or prevent import of product by these companies.

Ironically, this mass sell off is currently making it more difficult for American companies to compete. There have been significant disruption to the marketplace with some US companies selling entire divisions, posting massive Q4 losses, or going under completely. (Arlo posted a 100M loss in Q4, for example)

Could Hikvision and Dahua product be blocked from import?

Yes, that is a possibility, but not according to the law already passed. However, a new law is already being discussed by the US House Committee on Foreign Affairs.

On 3/4/19, Additional Magnitsky Act sanctions on Hikvision and Dahua were proposed because of their part in the Uyghur “re-education camps”. Magnitsky Act sanctions can result in the US government seizing equipment and assets, imposing fines and penalties, revoking licenses, or blocking the import of products, among other things.

This letter also discussed imposing financial penalties on American companies that do business with Hikvision and Dahua.

On Oct 7th 2019, these companies were sanctioned for human rights abuses and put on the "entity list." The US government entity list is a listing of companies that cannot use US technology (without an exception) and which US companies who imported Hikvision and Dahua equipment would be put on a watch list.

The significance of this development is difficult to overstate. ADI, for example, holds about half a million dollars of Hikvision equipment. The possibility that they look to dump this product is high, especially if it looks likely that this product may get seized by the government or sanctions imposed for carrying it.

It is especially important that consumers remain informed. We expect some security camera providers to go out of business this year and be unable to honor their warranties. Purchasing equipment that may be sanctioned or seized may mean that you won't be able to buy compatible cameras in the future.

New Rules Incoming

On May 15th, 2019, President Trump signed an executive order directing the secretary of commerce to draft rules, within 150 days, banning US companies from do business with "foreign adversary technology."

On Aug 9th, 2019, the US government released new proposed interim rules for the administration of the NDAA. Of particular note, this update included in the ban "substantial or essential components" which is defined as "any component necessary for the proper function or performance of a piece of equipment, system, or service."

The issue here is that Huawei HiSilicon SOC chips are in 90% of all surveillance cameras and NVRs. The only provider, who we know of, that doesn't carry any devices that use Huawei components is Avigilon.

Here at SCW, we do not believe that this law bans Huawei HiSilicon SOCs for use in surveillance. The law details out that complete Huawei end products are banned for telecommunication equipment, but not assert that complete Huawei end products are banned for surveillance equipment, nor individual Huawei components. We believe this complete-end-product vs component distinction is supported by the lack of bans for Apple or Android tablet or smartphone devices, which are clearly telecommunication devices and which contain some Huawei components.

Nevertheless, we always want our customers to be able to make an informed decision with all availible information, so will be taking steps to clearly identify which SCW camera models have Hisilicon DSP chips and include that information in our spec sheets. Also, we will be switching to another chip manufacturer for our equipment over the coming year because of the instability in using Huawei components.

This is a developing situation and we will attempt to keep this page updated, to the best of our ability.

Has SCW ever done business with Hikvision or Dahua?

Yes, we have done business with both. They are the largest providers of surveillance cameras in the world and a vast majority of cameras are traced back to their factories. We stopped using Dahua in 2014. We switched from using Hikvision in 2017.

We still carry some limited supply as to not strand past customers, but clearly label them as "not for federal use." As much as we are able, we are attempting to reduce the risk that we might provide you with equipment that could be banned or seized.

What's the future look like for SCW?

We switched from Dahua / Hikvsion several years ago when we became aware of some of these issues, before these concerns were really in the congressional record. Unlike buying Dahua or Hikvision equipment, you don't have a risk that we're going to go out of business and not honor our warranties or that you won't be able to buy compatible cameras in the future.

We believe in providing high quality, ethical products, backed up by amazing support, and from a company that will continue to be here in 200 years.

We also believe in providing secure products, which one reason our newest line has cloud-based firmware upgrades and why we have a software team building our own, secure camera viewing and management applications. If you have any cyber security concerns, we would love to hear from you.


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    Processing Power and Compression: Not All 1080P Cameras are Created Equal


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    Remote Viewing


    Smartphone Apps
    Tablet Apps
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    Internet Explorer Viewing

    How Patent Wars have changed Browser Support


    Hardware


    Cat5e (RJ45) Ethernet to Network
    Standard 3-Prong Wall Plug
    SCWEasyConnect 2.0 ports on back for Plug and play 2018 SCW camera auto-configuration up to 750 ft away
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    Learn about automatic backup footage options




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    Fixed vs Varifocal Lenses


    Software


    VCA: Motion Detection, Line Crossing, Face Detection, Intrusion Detection, People Counting, Vandalism Detection
    Video Content Analytics (VCA) Search
    VCA Event based Email Alerts
    Remote Footage Download
    1 Click Firmware Update

    Learn when you would use VCA


    Remote Viewing


    Smartphone Apps
    Tablet Apps
    Windows Apps
    Mac Viewing Apps
    Internet Explorer Viewing

    How Patent Wars have changed Browser Support


    Hardware


    Cat5e (RJ45) Ethernet to Network
    Standard 3-Prong Wall Plug
    SCWEasyConnect 2.0 ports on back for Plug and play 2018 SCW camera auto-configuration up to 750 ft away
    VGA Monitor Out
    4K HDMI Out for TVs/Monitors
    Footage Download via USB

    Learn about automatic backup footage options



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    Cameras


    4K (8MP) UHD @ 15 FPS: 3840 x 2160

    92° or 118° options
    IP67 Weatherproof
    Infrared night vision up to 100 FT
    -31°F to 140 °F temp rated

    4MP vs 4K.


    Software


    VCA: Motion Detection, Line Crossing, Face Detection, Intrusion Detection, People Counting, Vandalism Detection
    Video Content Analytics (VCA) Search
    VCA Event based Email Alerts
    Remote Footage Download
    1 Click Firmware Update

    Learn when you would use VCA


    Remote Viewing


    Smartphone Apps
    Tablet Apps
    Windows Apps
    Mac Viewing Apps
    Internet Explorer Viewing

    How Patent Wars have changed Browser Support


    Hardware


    Cat5e (RJ45) Ethernet to Network
    Standard 3-Prong Wall Plug
    SCWEasyConnect 2.0 ports on back for Plug and play 2018 SCW camera auto-configuration up to 750 ft away
    VGA Monitor Out
    4K HDMI Out for TVs/Monitors
    Footage Download via USB

    Learn about automatic backup footage options



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    Cameras


    2MP @ 30 FPS: 1920 x 1080

    85° or 110° options
    IP67 Weatherproof
    Infrared night vision up to 100 FT
    -31°F to 140 °F temp rated


    Processing Power and Compression: Not All 1080P Cameras are Created Equal


    Software


    VCA: Motion Detection, Line Crossing, Face Detection, Intrusion Detection, People Counting, Vandalism Detection
    Video Content Analytics (VCA) Search
    VCA Event based Email Alerts
    Remote Footage Download
    1 Click Firmware Update

    Learn when you would use VCA


    Remote Viewing


    Smartphone Apps
    Tablet Apps
    Windows Apps
    Mac Viewing Apps
    Internet Explorer Viewing

    How Patent Wars have changed Browser Support


    Hardware


    Cat5e (RJ45) Ethernet to Network
    Standard 3-Prong Wall Plug
    SCWEasyConnect 2.0 ports on back for Plug and play 2018 SCW camera auto-configuration up to 750 ft away
    VGA Monitor Out
    4K HDMI Out for TVs/Monitors
    Footage Download via USB

    Learn about automatic backup footage options



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    Cameras


    4MP @ 25 FPS: 2560 x 1440

    80.8° or 101° options
    IP67 Weatherproof
    Infrared night vision up to 100 FT
    -31°F to 140 °F temp rated
    True Wide Dynamic Range (120dB)



    4MP vs 4K.


    Software


    VCA: Motion Detection, Line Crossing, Face Detection, Intrusion Detection, People Counting, Vandalism Detection
    Video Content Analytics (VCA) Search
    VCA Event based Email Alerts
    Remote Footage Download
    1 Click Firmware Update

    Learn when you would use VCA


    Remote Viewing


    Smartphone Apps
    Tablet Apps
    Windows Apps
    Mac Viewing Apps
    Internet Explorer Viewing

    How Patent Wars have changed Browser Support


    Hardware


    Cat5e (RJ45) Ethernet to Network
    Standard 3-Prong Wall Plug
    SCWEasyConnect 2.0 ports on back for Plug and play 2018 SCW camera auto-configuration up to 750 ft away
    VGA Monitor Out
    4K HDMI Out for TVs/Monitors
    Footage Download via USB

    Learn about automatic backup footage options



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    From: $2,549.00


    Cameras


    4K (8MP) UHD @ 15 FPS: 3840 x 2160

    92° or 118° options
    IP67 Weatherproof
    Infrared night vision up to 100 FT
    -31°F to 140 °F temp rated

    4MP vs 4K.


    Software


    VCA: Motion Detection, Line Crossing, Face Detection, Intrusion Detection, People Counting, Vandalism Detection
    Video Content Analytics (VCA) Search
    VCA Event based Email Alerts
    Remote Footage Download
    1 Click Firmware Update

    Learn when you would use VCA


    Remote Viewing


    Smartphone Apps
    Tablet Apps
    Windows Apps
    Mac Viewing Apps
    Internet Explorer Viewing

    How Patent Wars have changed Browser Support


    Hardware


    Cat5e (RJ45) Ethernet to Network
    Standard 3-Prong Wall Plug
    SCWEasyConnect 2.0 ports on back for Plug and play 2018 SCW camera auto-configuration up to 750 ft away
    VGA Monitor Out
    4K HDMI Out for TVs/Monitors
    Footage Download via USB

    Learn about automatic backup footage options



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    Cameras


    2MP @ 30 FPS: 1920 x 1080

    85° or 110° options
    IP67 Weatherproof
    Infrared night vision up to 100 FT
    -31°F to 140 °F temp rated


    Processing Power and Compression: Not All 1080P Cameras are Created Equal


    Software


    VCA: Motion Detection, Line Crossing, Face Detection, Intrusion Detection, People Counting, Vandalism Detection
    Video Content Analytics (VCA) Search
    VCA Event based Email Alerts
    Remote Footage Download
    1 Click Firmware Update

    Learn when you would use VCA


    Remote Viewing


    Smartphone Apps
    Tablet Apps
    Windows Apps
    Mac Viewing Apps
    Internet Explorer Viewing

    How Patent Wars have changed Browser Support


    Hardware


    Cat5e (RJ45) Ethernet to Network
    Standard 3-Prong Wall Plug
    SCWEasyConnect 2.0 ports on back for Plug and play 2018 SCW camera auto-configuration up to 750 ft away
    VGA Monitor Out
    4K HDMI Out for TVs/Monitors
    Footage Download via USB

    Learn about automatic backup footage options



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    From: $3,849.00


    Cameras


    4MP @ 25 FPS: 2560 x 1440

    80.8° or 101° options
    IP67 Weatherproof
    Infrared night vision up to 100 FT
    -31°F to 140 °F temp rated
    True Wide Dynamic Range (120dB)



    4MP vs 4K.


    Software


    VCA: Motion Detection, Line Crossing, Face Detection, Intrusion Detection, People Counting, Vandalism Detection
    Video Content Analytics (VCA) Search
    VCA Event based Email Alerts
    Remote Footage Download
    1 Click Firmware Update

    Learn when you would use VCA


    Remote Viewing


    Smartphone Apps
    Tablet Apps
    Windows Apps
    Mac Viewing Apps
    Internet Explorer Viewing

    How Patent Wars have changed Browser Support


    Hardware


    Cat5e (RJ45) Ethernet to Network
    Standard 3-Prong Wall Plug
    SCWEasyConnect 2.0 ports on back for Plug and play 2018 SCW camera auto-configuration up to 750 ft away
    VGA Monitor Out
    4K HDMI Out for TVs/Monitors
    Footage Download via USB

    Learn about automatic backup footage options



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    From: $4,649.00


    Cameras


    4K (8MP) UHD @ 15 FPS: 3840 x 2160

    92° or 118° options
    IP67 Weatherproof
    Infrared night vision up to 100 FT
    -31°F to 140 °F temp rated

    4MP vs 4K.


    Software


    VCA: Motion Detection, Line Crossing, Face Detection, Intrusion Detection, People Counting, Vandalism Detection
    Video Content Analytics (VCA) Search
    VCA Event based Email Alerts
    Remote Footage Download
    1 Click Firmware Update

    Learn when you would use VCA


    Remote Viewing


    Smartphone Apps
    Tablet Apps
    Windows Apps
    Mac Viewing Apps
    Internet Explorer Viewing

    How Patent Wars have changed Browser Support


    Hardware


    Cat5e (RJ45) Ethernet to Network
    Standard 3-Prong Wall Plug
    SCWEasyConnect 2.0 ports on back for Plug and play 2018 SCW camera auto-configuration up to 750 ft away
    VGA Monitor Out
    4K HDMI Out for TVs/Monitors
    Footage Download via USB

    Learn about automatic backup footage options



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    From: $7,187.79


    Cameras


    2MP @ 30 FPS: 1920 x 1080

    85° or 110° options
    IP67 Weatherproof
    Infrared night vision up to 100 FT
    -31°F to 140 °F temp rated


    Processing Power and Compression: Not All 4MP Cameras are Created Equal


    Software


    VCA: Motion Detection, Line Crossing, Face Detection, Intrusion Detection, People Counting, Vandalism Detection
    Video Content Analytics (VCA) Search
    VCA Event based Email Alerts
    Remote Footage Download
    1 Click Firmware Update

    Learn when you would use VCA


    Remote Viewing


    Smartphone Apps
    Tablet Apps
    Windows Apps
    Mac Viewing Apps
    Internet Explorer Viewing

    How Patent Wars have changed Browser Support


    Hardware


    Cat5e (RJ45) Ethernet to Network
    Standard 3-Prong Wall Plug
    16 SCWEasyConnect 2.0 ports on back for Plug and play 2018 SCW camera auto-configuration up to 750 ft away
    Additional POE Switches for flexibility in cable runs
    VGA Monitor Out
    4K HDMI Out for TVs/Monitors
    Footage Download via USB

    Learn about automatic backup footage options



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    From: $8,337.79


    Cameras


    4MP @ 25 FPS: 2560 x 1440

    80.8° or 101° options
    IP67 Weatherproof
    Infrared night vision up to 100 FT
    -31°F to 140 °F temp rated
    True Wide Dynamic Range (120dB)


    Processing Power and Compression: Not All 4MP Cameras are Created Equal


    Software


    VCA: Motion Detection, Line Crossing, Face Detection, Intrusion Detection, People Counting, Vandalism Detection
    Video Content Analytics (VCA) Search
    VCA Event based Email Alerts
    Remote Footage Download
    1 Click Firmware Update

    Learn when you would use VCA


    Remote Viewing


    Smartphone Apps
    Tablet Apps
    Windows Apps
    Mac Viewing Apps
    Internet Explorer Viewing

    How Patent Wars have changed Browser Support


    Hardware


    Cat5e (RJ45) Ethernet to Network
    Standard 3-Prong Wall Plug
    16 SCWEasyConnect 2.0 ports on back for Plug and play 2018 SCW camera auto-configuration up to 750 ft away
    Additional POE Switches for flexibility in cable runs
    VGA Monitor Out
    4K HDMI Out for TVs/Monitors
    Footage Download via USB

    Learn about automatic backup footage options



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    From: $11,586.79


    Cameras


    4K (8MP) UHD @ 15 FPS: 3840 x 2160

    92° or 118° options
    IP67 Weatherproof
    Infrared night vision up to 100 FT
    -31°F to 140 °F temp rated

    4MP vs 4K.


    Software


    VCA: Motion Detection, Line Crossing, Face Detection, Intrusion Detection, People Counting, Vandalism Detection
    Video Content Analytics (VCA) Search
    VCA Event based Email Alerts
    Remote Footage Download
    1 Click Firmware Update

    Learn when you would use VCA


    Remote Viewing


    Smartphone Apps
    Tablet Apps
    Windows Apps
    Mac Viewing Apps
    Internet Explorer Viewing

    How Patent Wars have changed Browser Support


    Hardware


    Cat5e (RJ45) Ethernet to Network
    Standard 3-Prong Wall Plug
    POE Switches for flexibility in cable runs
    VGA Monitor Out
    4K HDMI Out for TVs/Monitors
    Footage Download via USB

    Learn about automatic backup footage options



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    From: $15,706.19


    Cameras


    2MP @ 30 FPS: 1920 x 1080

    85° or 110° options
    IP67 Weatherproof
    Infrared night vision up to 100 FT
    -31°F to 140 °F temp rated


    Processing Power and Compression: Not All 1080P Cameras are Created Equal


    Software


    VCA: Motion Detection, Line Crossing, Face Detection, Intrusion Detection, People Counting, Vandalism Detection
    Video Content Analytics (VCA) Search
    VCA Event based Email Alerts
    Remote Footage Download
    1 Click Firmware Update

    Learn when you would use VCA


    Remote Viewing


    Smartphone Apps
    Tablet Apps
    Windows Apps
    Mac Viewing Apps
    Internet Explorer Viewing

    How Patent Wars have changed Browser Support


    Hardware


    Cat5e (RJ45) Ethernet to Network
    Standard 3-Prong Wall Plug
    POE Switches for flexibility in cable runs
    VGA Monitor Out
    4K HDMI Out for TVs/Monitors
    Footage Download via USB

    Learn about automatic backup footage options



  14. 64 Camera 4K Imperial Series

    From: $22,106.19


    Cameras


    4K (8MP) UHD @ 15 FPS: 3840 x 2160

    92° or 118° options
    IP67 Weatherproof
    Infrared night vision up to 100 FT
    -31°F to 140 °F temp rated

    4MP vs 4K.


    Software


    VCA: Motion Detection, Line Crossing, Face Detection, Intrusion Detection, People Counting, Vandalism Detection
    Video Content Analytics (VCA) Search
    VCA Event based Email Alerts
    Remote Footage Download
    1 Click Firmware Update

    Learn when you would use VCA


    Remote Viewing


    Smartphone Apps
    Tablet Apps
    Windows Apps
    Mac Viewing Apps
    Internet Explorer Viewing

    How Patent Wars have changed Browser Support


    Hardware


    Cat5e (RJ45) Ethernet to Network
    Standard 3-Prong Wall Plug
    POE Switches for flexibility in cable runs
    VGA Monitor Out
    4K HDMI Out for TVs/Monitors
    Footage Download via USB

    Learn about automatic backup footage options


Beginner's Guide